Dizziness: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

what is dizziness

Dizziness is not a disease, it is a symptom of various ailments. Dizziness is a common cause that mostly everyone has experienced at some point in their life.

Sometimes the underlying cause of dizziness is not that severe and it resolves with time itself.

Dizziness or lightheartedness is a sensation of feeling off-balance. A person may experience a blurry vision and get imbalanced while feeling dizzy.

Dizziness can even affect the eyes and ears, and sometimes severe dizziness results in fainting. Dizziness and headaches are the indicators of the onset of some serious conditions like migraines.

Dizziness
Dizziness

Vertigo is a condition that leads to dizziness. A person feels the spinning sensation if he/she is suffering from vertigo dizziness.

Consulting an expert neurologist is recommended if a person experiences repeated dizziness, in every day or two. As soon as a person experiences some dizziness symptoms, determining the underlying causes is a must, to seek for the right dizziness treatment.

Dizziness and giddiness make it impossible for an individual to accomplish daily tasks with ease. Normal routine chores may seem like a hectic task to do.

Let’s discuss some common dizziness causes which make the normal life of a person a bit tricky.

Some common Dizziness causes

1. Dehydration

It is one of the most common causes of dizziness. Our body constitutes 78% of water; lack of a sufficient amount of fluid in the body can make one feel dizzy and woozy.

Drinking a minimum of 8 to 10 glass of water every day is essential to keep the body hydrated and prevent dizziness.

2. Side-effect of medications

Some medicines may have a side-effect on a person’s body and can make them feel dizzy.

3. Hyperglycemia or low blood pressure

Low blood sugar level and low blood pressure is a common cause of dizziness. A person suffering from diabetes is more at risk for such a condition.

Grab a bar of chocolate or candy as soon as you feel dizzy due to hyperglycemia.

4. Lifestyle habits

Alcohol dehydrates the body to a greater extent, resulting in dizziness. Altering certain lifestyle habits helps you in preventing dizziness.

5. BPPV Vertigo

Dizziness can also be caused due to an injury or a problem in the inner ear. Calcium deposition in the inner ears blocks the vestibular nerve that sends signals to the brain, which often results in dizziness.

BPPV Vertigo is generally caused due to the ear or head injury. A person may feel dizzy in such a condition by changing position quickly or while getting up quickly after sleeping.

Practicing Epley maneuver at home helps in the fast recovery from such a condition.

6. Meniere’s disease

If a person is suffering from a Meniere’s disease, it can result in repeated episodes of vertigo dizziness. Meniere’s disease can even lead to loss of hearing ability in a person.

A person may experience a ringing sensation in the ear. Consulting a doctor is recommended as soon as a person experience symptoms associated with the disease.

Going on a low salt diet helps in alleviating the symptoms to some extent.

7. Vestibular neuritis

If a person is suffering from an infection or inflammation in the inner ear, it can be due to Vestibular neuritis.

A nerve that sends signals to the brain is disrupted in such a condition, resulting in vertigo dizziness. Patients should consult a doctor for vertigo dizziness treatment.

Dizziness symptoms

People experiencing strokes of dizziness have some common symptoms other than nausea or vomiting. The symptoms can last for a few minutes to hours.

The symptoms of dizziness come and go eventually. Some other symptoms of dizziness are:

  1. Lightheadedness and fainting
  2. Severe Headaches at regular intervals
  3. Spinning sensation
  4. Loss of equilibrium
  5. Ringing in the ears or loss of hearing ability
  6. An infection or injury in the ear
  7. Head injury
  8. Sweating

How is dizziness treated?

To treat dizziness, identifying the underlying cause is a must. Some cases are not that severe and get resolved over time without any medical help. Some people experience repeated episodes of dizziness for a prolonged period.

Seeking medical advice in such cases is recommended. Some home remedies and medical treatments can be used for dizziness treatment. Let’s have a look at some home remedies and medical treatments that are used to treat dizziness.

Also see Daily Morning Routine Habits For Healthy Start To Your Day

Here are some dizziness treatments that can eliminate the underlying cause:

1. Epley maneuver

If a person is suffering from BPPV vertigo or inner ear issues, practicing Epley Maneuver at home under doctor’s guidance, helps in treating BPPV vertigo. It can help in alleviating vertigo symptoms to a greater extent.

Regular practice of Epley maneuver at home helps in repositioning the calcium that is settled in the inner ear and blocks the vestibular nerve. It should be performed under expert guidance as a person may feel slightly dizzy after the exercise. 

Primary symptoms of BPPV vertigo are treated well with Brandt Daroff exercise. The Semont maneuver and Barbeque maneuver are some other exercises that can be practiced at home to treat vertigo dizziness.

2.  Go on a healthy diet

A diet rich in vitamin C, D, E helps in keeping one healthy while preventing dizziness. Eating a bunch of almonds regularly helps in relieving the symptoms of dizziness. Almonds are a rich source of vitamin D which must be included in your daily diet.

If a person is suffering from Meniere’s disease, going on a low salt diet and avoiding caffeine completely can treat the same effectively.

3. Ginger tea can give some results

Roots of ginger can treat dizziness to a greater extent. 2 cups of ginger tea daily can help in mitigating symptoms of dizziness.

4. Medications

If the case becomes severe, a dose of certain medicines like Vertin Tablet, Stugeron, etc. are prescribed by a doctor to eliminate the symptoms of dizziness.

A person suffering from dizziness and headaches may experience migraines. It can be treated well with certain medicines and lifestyle changes. Medicines can help in treating initial stages of vertigo dizziness.

5. Keep yourself hydrated

Intake of plenty of fluid helps in preventing dizziness. If dizziness is caused due to excessive exercise or dehydration, the intake of a sufficient amount of water and healthy fluids serves the purpose.

6. Vestibular rehabilitation therapy

Patients are recommended by doctors to undergo Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy if a low salt diet and prescribed medicines like Betahistine fails to control the symptoms of Meniere’s disease.

There are certain examinations and diagnosis for treating the underlying condition of dizziness. If the condition goes worse, doctors may recommend undergoing surgery, to mitigate the symptoms of dizziness, which is a rare case. 

Mostly dizziness can resolve itself, but sometimes dizziness may be complex which can result in serious health conditions.

Seeking the advice of an expert doctor is recommended if you are facing repeated episodes of dizziness to treat the condition. Just relax and call your doctor and discuss the severity of your Dizziness.

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