Prostate is a male gland which ideally has the shape and size of a walnut. It grows along with growth of the body. It is present under the bladder and surrounds the urethra. It helps in making the semen which carries sperm.
Prostate cancer begins when the cells present in prostate start growing more than your body and it becomes tough to control the same.
Types Of Prostate Cancer:
- Small cell carcinomas
- Neuroendocrine tumours
- Transitional cells carcinoma
Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer: Usually in the starting phase of this, with the help of symptoms it’s hard to recognize that its Prostate cancer. The following are the symptoms of early stage:
- Urge of frequent urination
- Blood in urine
- Painful urination
- Difficulty in ejaculation
- Maintaining erection may be difficult
Symptoms of Advance phase of prostate cancer:
- Bone pain often in spine, ribs, pelvis and femur
- Bone fracture
Symptoms of Severe Phase in which the cancer may spread to spine and affect the spinal cord:
- Leg weakness
- Urinary incontinence
- Fecal incontinence
Treatment of Prostate Cancer:
Treatment In the Early stage:
- PSA blood levels are monitored regularly
- Traditional surgery for the removal of prostate
- Radiotherapy seeds are implanted in the prostate for radiation therapy which is known as Brachytherapy. Conformal radiation therapy and intensity modulated radiation therapy is also applied
Treatment In The Advanced Stage:
- Chemotherapy is done to kill the cancer cells. Chemotherapy also leads to symptoms like hair loss, weight loss, headache etc., due to medicines being used for chemotherapy.
- Androgen suppression therapy is used to reduce the androgens which are a male hormone. Androgens can increase the growth of cancer cell.
According to best nutritionist in Delhi, 1 out of 9 Men is on a risk of getting prostate cancer. Being a little proactive by taking care of diet can help reduce the risk and also helps in reducing the cancer cells based on different stages.
A federally funded study called as MEAL (Men’s Eating and Living) shows that the men eating more of fruits and vegetables have reduced the progression of prostate cancer.
Another study of 2011 shows that, the men who eats more than 2 eggs a week have more than 80% higher risk of getting affected by prostate cancer.
Dietary Treatment Of Prostate Cancer:
i. Tomatoes: The active compound of tomatoes is Lycopene. Lycopene is a phytochemical i.e., carotenoid which is made by fruits and vegetables which includes watermelon, apricots and guava as well. Lycopene inhibits the androgen receptor which is responsible for stimulating the growth or prostate cancer cells. Clinical trials on the patient’s sufferings have shown significant results towards reduction of cancer cells. It was tested on different stages of cancer starting from early stage to severe stage. Therefore, minimum of two servings of tomatoes should be added in diet either in salad form or in juice form.
ii. Cruciferous vegetables: Cruciferous vegetables group includes broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, kale, turnip, bok choy and horseradish. Its active ingredient is Isothiocyanates. From the studies of in vitro and in vivo over the past 20 years has revealed that Isothiocyanates are chemopreventive agents. The activity of Isothiocyanates to inhibit tumorigenesis is dependent on the animal species and carcinogen.
iii. Barley: The active ingredient of Barley is antioxidant component known as Alpha-tocopherol succinate which can fight cancer. Alpha-tocopherol succinate is a relative of Vitamin A and has a anticancer effect on cancer, brain cancer and leukaemia. A study conducted in George Washington University, the experiment was done with Barley grass water. First it was done on leukaemia cells and all the cells found dead post experiment. Second it was done on Brain cancer cells where 30 – 50% of cancer cells was eradicated. Finally the experiment was done on Prostate cancer cells in which 90 – 100% of prostate cancer cells growth was inhibited.
iv. Citrus Fruits: Fruits like orange, sweet lime, strawberries, guava, kiwi are rich in Vitamin C and bioactive compounds including flavonoids and monoterpenes which helps to protect again DNA damaging free radicals. They also increases the immunity of the body.
v. Beans and Legumes: Legumes such as beans and lentils contains bioactive compound called Phytoestrogens. This helps in suppressing the cancer cells growth in Prostate cancer. The research reports by National Cancer Institute shows a link between soy consumption and reduced PSA levels (Prostate Specific Antigen). The major isoflavones in soyabeans are Genistein Glycitein and Daidzein. Genistein affects the multiple growths of such cancer cells.
vi. Pomegranate Juice: It is rich in antioxidants and reduces the oxidative stress which is the result of free radicals. It contains the bioactive compound called Polyphenolic compounds. This can help in reducing the cancer cells in the early stages of Prostate cancer.
While more research need to be done for diet, but there are studies done to suggest the above foods to be included in your diet. As per the best nutritionist in Mumbai, the principle of diet for Prostate cancer is to increase of calories, high protein food, food rich in antioxidants and food which has anti – inflammatory properties.