The key to an annual good harvest and soil fertility in your household is timely recharge and fertilisation of the land and, of course, constant watering. Correct and competent arrangement of the irrigation system will allow not only to ensure timely and regular soil moisture even in your absence but also to save a lot of money. In this article, we will give some useful tips for organising irrigation systems, consider their main types and highlight the advantages and disadvantages of each system.
Modern irrigation systems
Almost all irrigation systems can be installed with automatic control of any action. This option allows you to significantly save energy and calculate the required volume of water.
One of the most convenient options for watering lawns and areas with uniform plantings of the same type of plants. Water under the pressure is thrown into the air and falls on the soil in the form of a fine fraction — drops or splashes.
Such a system does not require preliminary soil preparation, however, such irrigation cannot be called uniform, especially in windy weather. If there is even a slight slope, puddles will form in the recesses, and water will drain from the sloped area. Such irrigation moistens only the surface layer of the soil and it’s not a resource-saving solution. In addition, it is advisable to water deciduous crops in the early morning hours or after sunset to avoid burns.
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Water flows directly to the plant’s root system. Thanks to this method of irrigation, it is possible to significantly reduce water costs, prevent soil erosion, provide each seedling with the required amount of moisture, which will certainly affect the harvest and make it possible to get early vegetables, fruits and berries.
This method is especially convenient for hillside gardens, terraced areas and greenhouses on large farms. But, pay attention to the quality of the water: silted water that has not passed filtration clogs the pores of the droppers and disables the system.
The piping system is laid in trenches to a depth of 25-30 cm. The wiring diagram is carried out according to the placement of beds or tree plantings. From the holes in the pipes, water enters the soil when the system is turned on. When incorporated into an automation system, irrigation can be remotely controlled. It is necessary to carefully monitor the purity of the water and, if necessary, use filters.
What is taken into account when choosing an irrigation system?
- Area and relief of the site
On terraced slopes or areas of complex configuration, it is better to choose drip irrigation over sprinkler irrigation, in areas with a lawn — another way around.
- The ability to control watering
If remote irrigation is required, an automatic system with rain and frost sensors needs to be installed. The programmable device will independently turn on the water and control its consumption. You can manage this watering from a distance.
- Landing pattern and their uniformity
If the site is completely occupied by a lawn, there is no point in spending money on drip irrigation. When equipping the territory with greenhouses and symmetrical plantings, on the contrary, it is better to focus on this method of irrigation. With its help, each plant can be guaranteed and timely supplied with water.
- System pressure
If it is sufficient and even, watering will be of good quality, and all plants will have enough water. Otherwise, it will be necessary to provide it with the purchase of pumping equipment and storage tanks.
- Water quality
If the water entering the system is not purified, it will be necessary not to apply drip irrigation or acquire filters.
- Soil type
Sandy soils are very water-absorbing, dry out quickly and require more water consumption than clay soils.
- How to plan an irrigation system?
Of course, for the selection of equipment, it is better to turn to specialists or to buy equipment with proven quality such as Hoselink. But before that, you should draw up a site plan. To do this, it is necessary to mark the boundaries of the territory on drawing paper, draw a house and other buildings, already existing or planned paths, a gazebo and other structures on it. It is also important to mark all plantings on the plan.
One of the most important designations is the place of water intake. According to the water source, the irrigation system will be planned, while the pressure in the system, the distance between the plantings, and their uniform distribution over the site will be taken into account.
These data will form the basis for the calculation and design of the irrigation system.
A well-organised plant watering system will save you from unnecessary problems during the season and will take care of planting. Sun, air and water are what your green friends need for normal development and growth. So, choose wisely and enjoy your healthy green surroundings.