The debate between getting a diploma or a degree has been going on since the professional education courses have started. However, there is never a conclusive answer for this as the benefits of these courses depend entirely on the condition of the job market.
A main debated point about these is that the degree course takes about three to four years to complete while the diploma course takes about one to two years to complete. More so, the diploma will impart practical knowledge while the degree focuses more on technical and theoretical knowledge. For example, an individual with a diploma in electrical engineering will have more knowledge about the workings of an electrical system than an individual who has a degree in electrical engineering.
A degree course is conducted in universities and an individual can receive a degree from a registered and approved university only. A degree is a course where an individual has a specialization subject and other related subjects that are conducive for getting a professional job.
Universities often have some eligibility criteria that candidates need to fulfill to join their courses, and one part of the filtration system is the entrance exam. Some well-known entrance exams are JEE Mains, NEET, NATA, WBJEE, etc.
A diploma course is taught in institutes or polytechnics and these do not usually require an AICTE approval. The course is designed in such a way that the individual practicing the course will have a complete hands-on practical knowledge of the field being studied. A few institutes do conduct entrance exams for these diploma courses too, some entrance exams are TS Polycet, AP Polycet, Delhi CET, etc.
Time duration, price, and types:
- Usually, degree courses are very time consuming as these courses contain more topics that carry a heavy percentage of theory. Individuals practicing a degree course are required to devote their entire time towards their academic life and this usually prevents them from pursuing other activities such as a part-time job or a hobby. Whereas pursuing a diploma course will allow individuals to have time for these other activities as these courses do not have a lot of topics and the topics that are included do not consume much of the individual’s time.
- Degree courses are priced a lot usually and compel the individual to take up a loan in case his/her financial situation is not good. This just puts the aspiring individual under a lot of pressure which will affect his/her performance in the degree course and the individual is stuck with a dead-end job and a pile of student loans. This is not the case with diploma courses as they do not require a heavy financial investment. And, a diploma being a job-oriented course, will facilitate the individual to get a job after they get their diploma. Candidates can apply for diploma courses through entrance exams such as TS Polycet, AP Polycet, etc.
- There are three types of degrees, a bachelor’s degree, a master’s degree, and a Ph.D. There is no particular type in a diploma course, as this is a certification based course in a particular field which is designed with the main intention of training individuals for a technical job.
It is a popular misconception that technical training such as a diploma will not fetch a good job offer. Having a diploma will allow the individual to have practical experience in the respective field and this will fetch them job opportunities in core companies.
There are one-year certification courses conducted by the ITI (Indian Technical Institute) where individuals are trained to do certain tasks such as operating heavy machinery and other industrial equipment. These are considered equivalent to diploma certificates. Getting into a core job after graduating from a diploma or equivalent certification is beneficial as the individual has an opportunity to pursue higher education and continue within the same company to a higher job profile.
The payroll of the job might be lesser compared to what an individual with a degree might get after graduation, but the practical knowledge that the individual gains during the diploma course is a lot more beneficial than only the theoretical knowledge.
However, there is an option for individuals who have completed their diploma to pursue a degree course in the same field. This is really advantageous in today’s cut-throat competition as the individual has a higher knowledge during the project/thesis period of the degree course and will be able to produce a better project/thesis.
For example, an individual with a diploma in electrical engineering is completely eligible to pursue a degree in electrical engineering after completing the diploma.