Colon cancer or colorectal cancer is one of the most prevalent forms of cancers in the USA. Each year, more than 53,500 people give their lives to colon cancer.
Almost, 140,000 people are detected every year with this disease. But do not panic! If detected at an early stage, colon cancer is highly treatable.
Almost, 90% of people survive with this cancer and gets fully cured through the help of surgery. If you research colon cancer surgery, you will get to see how much this surgery is conventional nowadays.
Symptoms of Colorectal cancer:
Though colon cancer symptoms could be confusing, some signs, you should not ignore at all. They do not mean that you have the disease, but it is better safe than sorry.
If you are having a majority of the following problems, you should consult a general physician:
- Sudden weight loss.
- Immense pain in the lower abdomen.
- Blood in your faecal discharge
- Blood in your toilet after a bowel movement
- Dark/black-coloured stools.
Colon cancer, like any other cancer, colon cancer has four stages, stage one to stage four. But now cancer could be detected at stage zero also. As soon as one gets diagnosed, the doctor will determine which stage of cancer he or she has.
That is why regular physical check-up is essential. Generally, regular checking for colon cancer is done after the age of fifty, but in today’s world, a teenager could also be affected by colon cancer.
If your family has a history of cancer, you should ask your general physician and make sure, when you should start screening.
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In the case of colorectal cancer, surgery is often considered to be the best and safest option. Colon cancer surgery has different types of operations. They are:
- Polypectomy and local excision:
Sometimes when the doctor detects cancer at stage zero or stage one, these surgeries are often considered by surgeons. In the case of Polypectomy, the surgeon removes the tumour by passing a loop of wire with the help of colonoscopy.
In case of local excision, the surgeon uses some tools through the colonoscope which removes the small bits of the cancerous tumour in the wall of the colon.
It is of two types’ hemicolectomy and segmental resection.
In case of this kind of surgery, the surgeon removes some part of the colon, which contains cancer and some normal non-malignant part also. Usually, one-fourth part of the colon is removed. The surgeon removes at least twelve lymph nodes to check for cancer.
2. Total colectomy:
When the whole colon is removed, that process is known as a total colectomy. Total colectomy is usually not performed when treating colon cancer.
But, if the patient has several inflammatory polyps, then the surgeon does the procedure. Colon cancer surgery Texas USA does both of the methods mentioned above.
Early detection is essential in the case of cancer treatment. With the advancement of science, cancer is no longer a life-threatening disease if detected early on.
But do not delay your visit to your physician if you have any of the symptoms mentioned earlier.