Baby Diaper Rash Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Baby Diaper Rash Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

How To Get Back From Diaper Rash

Most babies will have a diaper rash once in the first 3 years of life. Usually these rashes are not dangerous and easily disappear if kept clean and dry. Diaper rash is one of the most common problems in children.

The cause of diaper rash

Diaper rash can originate from many causes, including:

  • Stimulation from urine and feces: The child’s sensitive skin is easily irritated with acid in urine or fecal waste. In particular, children who often have bowel movements or diarrhea are more likely to experience diaper rash.
  • Rubbing: Most cases of diaper rash are caused by frequent skin friction with wet diapers. This results in a shiny, red rash in the exposed area.
  • Irritation from new products: children may be irritated with disposable diapers or detergents, fabric softeners used cloth diapers. Other substances may contribute to increased irritation such as the composition of cream, chalk or oil.
  • Bacterial or yeast infections: the area covered by diapers including buttocks, thighs, genitals is a place that is susceptible to yeast and bacterial infection because it is quite wet. The rash usually appears in the wrinkles of the skin.
  • New diet: when children start eating solid foods, their droppings may change or make them more defecated, which increases the likelihood of skin rashes. If your child has a diaper rash while breastfeeding, the cause may be the food she has eaten.
  • Sensitive skin: children with atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, eczema, etc. are at increased risk of diaper rash.
  • Use antibiotics: antibiotics will kill both good and bad bacteria. This causes the yeast control bacteria to be exhausted leading to diaper rash caused by yeast infections. Moreover, taking antibiotics also increases the risk of diarrhea, which can cause diaper rash.

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Diaper rash symptoms

Diaper rash symptoms are quite noticeable because the rash will appear in the area of ​​the diaper area. It is characterized by:

  • Red skin, rash in thighs, buttocks, genitals.
  • Children are often uncomfortable, annoying, especially during diaper changing.

When should I see a doctor?

Usually, diaper rashes do not need to be treated with a doctor, symptoms can improve when the diaper area is kept dry and clean. However, in some cases parents should notify the doctor:

  • The rash becomes more serious and spreads to other areas
  • The rash did not improve despite the use of over-the-counter medicines for 4-7 days
  • The rash is infected with symptoms such as yellow pus, fever, …
  • Not sure what caused the rash
  • Rash with diarrhea lasts more than 48 hours

Treat diaper rash

Except in severe cases, diaper rash usually does not need treatment, just keep the diaper area dry and clean. You must ensure full night diaper protection. If symptoms persist, doctors may prescribe some medications to treat such as:

  • A mild hydrocortisone cream (steroid)
  • An anti-fungal cream, if your baby is infected with a fungus
  • Antibiotics on the spot or drink if the baby is infected with bacteria

Taking care of diaper skin properly is also one of the ways to treat diaper rash, the following notes will help reduce symptoms or shorten the rash time:

  1. Change diapers often
  2. Wash skin thoroughly with mild soap
  3. Avoid rubbing or rubbing strongly during this time
  4. Avoid foods that can cause allergies or cause more serious rashes like peanuts, milk, …
  5. Bathe your child every day until the rash goes away

Prevent diaper rash

The best way to prevent diaper rash is to keep the diaper area clean and dry. Here are some notes to reduce the risk of diaper rash for children:

  • Change diapers often, especially remove wet or dirty diapers in time
  • Every time you change your diaper, rinse the area with warm water and a clean towel. If you want to use soap, it is recommended to choose gentle, aromatic. You can use diaper rash cream for baby.
  • Do not rub the area after cleaning but gently wipe with a soft cloth
  • Do not wear diapers too tightly because it will prevent airflow, making the area wet. Wearing a tight diaper also causes cracks in the waist or thighs
  • Do not wear diapers for children too often
  • If your child has a rash often, apply ointment for each change to reduce irritation
  • Wash your hands after each diaper change to avoid spreading bacteria or yeast to other skin areas.


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